The allure of Bangalore (now Bengaluru) has always been its cool climate, lush gardens, numerous lakes, heritage sites and the rich flora and fauna. It is also called the “Silicon Valley of India” as it is home to many national and international companies providing a lot of options for employment. The locals (Kannadigas) are very welcoming of people from varied cultures, races, nationalities. 79.4% of Bangalore’s population is Hindu, roughly the same as the national average (according to 2001 census), Muslims comprise 13.4% of the population. Christians and Jains account for 5.8% and 1.1% of the population, respectively, double that of their national averages with a literacy rate of 89%.
Bangalore is well connected to people from all over the world by air, rail and road. The nearest airport is called Kempegowda International Airport and it is 40 kms from the centre of the city. Taxis and air conditioned Volvo buses operated by BMTC connect the airport with the rest of the city.
Bangalore is a divisional headquarters in the South Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. There are four major railway stations in the city: Krantiveer Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station, Bangalore Cantonment railway station, Yeshwantapur junction and Krishnarajapuram railway station. Metros are primarily used inside the city.
Buses operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) are an important and reliable means of public transport available in the city. While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses, BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. BMTC runs air-conditioned luxury buses on major routes, and also operates shuttle services from various parts of the city to Kempegowda International Airport.
Bangalore’s pleasant climate makes it a suitable place for a variety of outdoor sports. Cricket is by far the most popular sport. The Indian Premier League franchise Royal Challengers Bangalore and the I League club Bengaluru FC are based in the city. The city also hosts the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) Bangalore Open tournament annually.